Abstracts from ESJ #47
"Abolishing the Wave-Particle Duality Non-Sense," Xavier Borg
This paper shall describe how to account for the observed particulate nature of waves, without requiring any particle to be involved. Using geometry and known facts about electromagnetic radiation, facts about the ghost particle otherwise known as the photon, and hence the true nature of light, will be explored.
The debate about the true nature of light and matter dates back to the 1600s, Christiaan Huygens proposed light was waves, whilst Isaac Newton came up with his own corpuscle (particle) theory. Since then, preference has flipped to and fro between these two opposing views. Currently, the scientific community cannot properly resolve this debate, and it holds that all waves also have a particle nature, and vice versa.
"An Introduction to Tesla Secondary Coils," Duane A. Bylund
In 1990, Duane Bylund published Modern Tesla Coil Theory (Corona Coil, PO Box 474, Riverton, UT 84065). Featuring synopses of fundamental formulae and tricks learned from experience in the coiling trade, the book was praised by experimenters for its insights and relevancy to improving coil performance. The following, excerpted from Chapter 3, is just the beginning of information provided on Tesla secondary coils. Optimization strategies are suggested by drawing analogies with more familiar antennas, relating theory and recalling experiences in the lab.
"Solitonic Model of the Electron, Proton, and Neutron," Pavel Sladkov
In the present work, the electron, proton, and neutron are considered to have spherical geometries, inside which monochromatic electromagnetic waves spread along parallels. Along each parallel, exactly half of the characteristic wavelength for the proton and electron, and exactly one wavelength for the neutron, is kept within the spherical shell. The result is a rotating soliton. This is possible due to the strictly-defined dispersion and anisotropy of the particles. The electric field has only a radial component; the magnetic field, a meridional component. By solving for the appropriate boundary conditions, functions defining the distribution of the electromagnetic field inside the particles and on their surfaces were obtained. Integrating the distribution functions for the electromagnetic field through the volumes of the particles leads to a system of algebraic equations, the solution of which gives all the basic parameters of particles: charge, rest energy, mass radius, magnetic moment, and spin.
Introductory Comment from ESJ #48
What would an overunity device do? In a world where kids are taught to ignore second-order consequences and concentrate only on the demand-side of economics, it only stands to reason that engineering might follow suit.
Stepping back a bit, allowing a machine to produce more energy than goes into it would mean it has to violate several laws of physics. There are laws of conservation of energy and momentum and conservation of charge. There is the first law of thermodynamics. All matter is known to obey these laws. At the atomic level, charge obeys Coulomb’s law, and mass obeys the universal law of gravitation.
Suppose now that a scientist in a lab somewhere created a batch of rogue matter that didn’t want to obey the laws. What is the rest of matter to do? A proton programmed to attract electrons with a charge of 1.602 x 10-19 Coulombs (at least in the ambient conditions in which protons have been tested to date) would now be confronted with matter that refuses to be attracted so. By default, the matter trying to obey the laws would have to cave in to the resistance of demanding rogue matter. In some scenarios, at least, a perpetual motion machine would not be worth the havoc of a universe with no physical laws.
Yet, ESJ and even the local community college’s engineering department often get calls from well-intending persons who think they have found perpetual motion. It is easy to say, “Oh, that’s a perpetual motion machine, so it will never work.” However, that kind of argument goes nowhere with anybody who doesn’t accept basic high-school physics. It was an ambition to be better equipped to help prevent more great brains from wasting time reinventing the magnetic wheel – combined with the mental rust growing on a twenty-five-year-old degree – that prompted ESJ Staff to invite itself to Hathaway Labs.
ESJ Staff never pursued an advanced degree in physics, because the paradox and scenarios of n equations in (n + m) unknowns departed too radically and uselessly from the wonderful world of empiricism – the kind of stuff one could derive oneself during the exam and thus avoid studying, or worse, filling the brain with memorized garbage. Staff had tried sitting in on electrical engineering courses at the local community college, but the content was either so oversimplified as to be erroneous, or too advanced to make sense without memorizing the elementary stuff. Loyal as ever to Newton, ESJ Staff had long been impressed with George Hathaway’s contributions to ESJ, and so, once again, attempted to get out of studying.
After over a year of waiting, schedules finally coincided to make the trip possible. The gang at Hathaway Labs was amazingly cordial to their “distinguished guest.” It was an honor to be welcomed. After all, Hathaway works with investors on proprietary secrets of such potential, he can’t have people just wandering in off the street. We’ve all heard the stories of the industrial spies with photographic memories. No recording devices were allowed, but a reading list of books stacked about 1’ high was provided. Hathaway is a great lecturer, who can to dumb things down as much as necessary. For four days, ESJ Staff could ask “anything you wanted to know about circuits but were afraid to ask.”
Perhaps the most memorable times will be the lunches. One or two guys will run out for lunch, and then everybody will watch the latest in overunity videos on the big screen. The guys have seen it all before. In fact, they were even calling the fallacies before the demonstrators had a chance to make the age-old claims. It is with much appreciation to the guys at Hathaway Labs that ESJ presents this special issue.
As always, the object is not to dissuade inventive minds from forging new paths, but to discourage wasting time on dead ends. Lastly, if there be faults with this issue, the fault is entirely attributable to ESJ Staff’s aforementioned reluctance to study.